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Biertan (German: Birthälm, Romani: Biyertan, Hungarian: Berethalom) is a commune in central Romania, in the north of the Sibiu County, eighty km north of Sibiu (formerly Birthelm in German) and 29 km east of Mediaş. Biertan is 1 of the most important Saxon villages with fortified church buildings in Transylvania, having been on the listing of UNESCO World Heritage Sites given that 1993. It was the see of the Lutheran Evangelical Bishop in Transylvania involving 1572 and 1867.
The first documentary testimony about the village dates from 1283 in a document about the taxes paid out by the inhabitants of 7 villages and so it is believed to have been founded sometime involving 1224 to 1283 by Transylvanian Saxons. The village settlement rapidly made into an important market place town and by 1510 Biertan supported a population of about five,000 folks. Between 1468 and the sixteenth century a small fortified church (die Kirchenburg) was made and made. Right after the medieval period of time the town declined in significance with the increase of neighbouring Sighişoara (formerly Schäßburg in German), Sibiu (Hermannstadt) and Mediaş (Mediasch).
In the census of 1930 Biertan had 2331 inhabitants, of whom 1228 were being Transylvanian Saxons. All through World War II lots of guys were being conscripted into the Romanian army and later on the Waffen-SS. Right after the war lots of Transylvanian Saxons were being expelled from the region. Pursuing the collapse of Communism in 1990 lots of far more left for Germany.
Now the complete commune has a population of about 2,500 and the village of Biertan by yourself has about 1,600 folks. It is 1 of the most visited villages in Transylvania, staying the historically important spot of the yearly reunion of the Transylvanian Saxons, lots of of whom now reside in Germany.
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